European Arrest Warrant (EAW) - International Lawyers Associates

EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT (EAW)

If you, a family member or acquaintance are being held for a crime, we can help you.

The European Arrest Warrant is basically a simplified form of extradition, entrusted to the judicial authorities of the member states of the European Union.
The European arrest warrant is, in essence, a simplified form of extradition, entrusted to the judicial authorities of the member states of the European Union.

The EAW (European Arrest Warrant) is provided by the Framework Decision of the Council of the European Union of 13 June 2002 but did not come into force in the Italian legal system until 2005. The reason for this delay is that our legal system offers more guarantees than the standard of other Member States.

The 2005 law defines the EAW as «judicial decision issued by a Member State of the European Union with a view to the arrest of a person for the purposes of prosecution in criminal matters or execution of a custodial sentence or detention order.«.

There are several requirements imposed by law, including: the existence of a foreign judicial decision, which must consist of an irrevocable conviction or a protection order signed by a judge and reasoned. Another requirement is the so-called double jeopardy, which provides that the act for which the proceedings are being conducted is to be regarded as a criminal offence in both Member States.

The Italian Supreme Court of Cassation has established with judgement n° 41370 of 23 November 2010, that the European Arrest Warrant cannot be executed when criminal proceedings are being carried out in Italy for the same act against the person sought by the foreign judicial authority.

Passive procedure of surrender

The surrender procedure consists of 3 phases:

  1. The disposition of the issuing authority is communicated to the executing authority.
  2. It is established that the requesting authority can either execute the mandate or reject it.
  3. The judicial authority must decide on the surrender of the interested party, after he/she has given or refused their consent.

En el caso de que la persona solicitada no dé su consentimiento para la entrega, tiene derecho a ser llevado ante la autoridad judicial de ejecución. La decisión se remite al Tribunal de Apelación italiano (en cuyo distrito la persona en cuestión tiene su residencia o domicilio) que evalúa la solicitud y decide si rechazar u ordenar la entrega, siguiendo un procedimiento de confrontación. La decisión debe tomarse dentro de los 60 días posteriores al arresto.

Al aplicarse la orden de detención europea, las autoridades deben respetar los derechos procesales del sospechoso o acusado quien, por lo tanto, tiene derecho a ser informado, a nombrar un abogado y un intérprete, así como el derecho a ser admitido a la asistencia jurídica.

Es recomendable que el acusado sea asistido por un defensor con experiencia en el tema que ya se encuentra en la fase.

Reasons to reject the ODE.

El país puede rechazar la entrega de la persona sujeta a la orden solo en los siguientes casos obligatorios:

  • la persona ya ha sido juzgada por el mismo delito (principio ne bis in idem);
  • si la persona objeto era menor de 18 años en el momento de cometer el delito;
  • si el delito se extingue por amnistía en virtud de la legislación italiana, cuando el Estado italiano es competente para conocer el hecho;
  • si existe un grave peligro de que la persona reclamada sea sometida a la pena de muerte, a la tortura o a otras penas o tratos inhumanos o degradantes.

En cuanto a este último punto, la Sección de la Corte Suprema de Casación VI, con la oración no. 23277 del 06 de junio de 2016 especificó que «la razón de la denegación de la entrega relacionada con el peligro grave que la persona sea sometida a la pena de muerte, tortura u otro trato o castigo inhumano o degradante, requiere verificación, después de haber determinado si, en términos concretos, existe realmente tal riesgo por parte del Estado miembro».

Apelación.

It is possible to appeal to the Court of Cassation against the provision that decides on the execution of the European arrest warrant, which suspends the delivery sentence but not the provision with which a precautionary measure is applied.

The appeal may contain, in addition to the grounds of legitimacy, also those of merit.

En caso de que se haya emitido una orden de detención europea, es recomendable contactar a un abogado con experiencia en el sector para obtener asistencia legal adecuada.

If you, a family member or acquaintance are being held for a crime, we can help you.

We can represent you all over Italy

Si Usted o un familiar se encuentran detenidos en territorio Italiano o en cualquier parte del mundo, podemos ayudarlos.

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    Very explanatory, good to read and learn.
    • Marco Lanner
    5

    Summary

    The European Arrest Warrant is basically a simplified form of extradition, entrusted to the judicial authorities of the member states of the European Union.

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